1. Tech

India to get world’s biggest face recognition system next month

With the tender submission date to procure, the National Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS) simply 20 days away. India is nearer to set up world’s largest face recognition system to observe and nab criminals. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), beneath Home Ministry, requested for the bids on July 8. It will likely be closed on November 8. The winner to present AFRS will likely be introduced on November 8.

“This is an effort in the direction of modernizing the police force, information gathering, criminal identification, verification and its dissemination among various police organizations and units across the country,” mentioned NCRB in its 172-page doc. The beneficiaries will likely be Ministry of Home Affairs, NCRB and state police forces.

Advantages of face recognition system

The advantages will likely be “a robust system for identifying criminals, missing children /persons, unidentified dead bodies and unknown traced children/persons all over the country.” It may even assist in creating “a repository of photographs of criminals in the country; enhanced ability to detect crime patterns and modus operandi across the states and communicate to the state police departments for aiding in crime prevention”.

Will use software program from Amazon and Google

With the assistance of the software program, the state police personnel can test the suspect with the hotlist of criminals. Currently, the main face recognition software program are: Amazon Rekognition; Face Recognition and Face Detection by Lambda Labs, Microsoft Face API; Google Cloud Vision and IBM Watson Visual Recognition, amongst others.

In China, start-up Megvii and AI unicorns like SenseTime, CloudStroll and Yitu have made facial recognition commonplace in China. In April final yr, Delhi Police recognized nearly 3,000 lacking kids in simply 4 days throughout a trial of a facial recognition system. However, there are issues that the know-how might be misused.

According to Pavan Duggal, one of many nation’s high cyber legislation specialists, the Information Technology Act, 2000 doesn’t specifically cope with misuse of this know-how. “The first casualty of the absence of regulatory framework for facial recognition technology is people’s right to privacy,” Duggal advised IANS just lately.

“In India, there is not even any framework to regulate the storage of facial recognition data,” he added. Some of the key know-how giants together with Microsoft and Amazon additionally agree that there’s a want for governments to regulate this know-how. Microsoft and its President Brad Smith have urged governments to enact laws concerning the know-how.

Challenges and rules with face recognition system

The tech trade wants to step up and do extra to deal with challenges associated to regulation, mentioned Smith in his new ebook titled “Tools and Weapons”. Given the potential for abuse of the quick advancing facial recognition know-how, governments the world over want to begin adopting legal guidelines to regulate this know-how in 2019, Smith mentioned final yr.

“Unless we act, we risk waking up five years from now to find that facial recognition services have spread in ways that exacerbate societal issues,” warned Smith in a weblog put up. “The use of facial recognition technology by a government for mass surveillance can encroach on democratic freedoms,” he mentioned in December final yr.

Amazon has additionally defended the face recognition. It gives “Rekognition” — a facial recognition device that has been used to spot criminals. According to NCRB, the Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS) to be applied that might assist in automated identification and verification of individuals. It will use digital photographs, pictures, digital sketches, video frames and video sources. The tech will evaluate chosen facial options of the picture from an already present picture database.

“A facial recognition system is a great investigation enhancer for identification of: criminals, missing children/persons, unidentified dead bodies and unknown traced children/persons. It can provide investigating officers of the civil police with the required tools, technology, and information,” mentioned NCRB.

With inputs from IANS. 

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