With outcomes now in for all 338 ridings after Monday’s election, the Liberals are once more set to type the authorities, albeit a minority.
That means the street forward shall be bumpy, with the party having to bridge gaps, mend wounds and work collectively with different events to cling to energy.
It’s been some time since we have been on this scenario federally and it is generated many questions. We’ve been answering your questions all through the marketing campaign, so we thought we might give it one final go now the ballots have been counted.
How often does the party with the most seats not win the popular vote?
Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer might not have gained the election however he’s boasting about his party’s efficiency in the popular vote — having drawn extra votes than the Liberals; some 34.four per cent to their 33.1 per cent. (Official numbers are nonetheless being tabulated by Elections Canada.)
It’s occurred earlier than, however that was 40 years in the past, throughout the 1979 election when Progressive Conservative Joe Clark topped Liberal Pierre Trudeau in seats to type a minority authorities, however Trudeau’s party gained the popular vote.
Similar conditions occurred in 1957 (when the PCs gained the most seats however Liberals took popular vote) and in 1926 (vice versa).
Why are you able to solely vote in your house using on election day?
As election day progressed, we heard from a number of ticked-off voters who could not be of their house using and tried to vote elsewhere however bought turned away, and had been in the end unable to vote.
Elections Canada permits electors to vote from exterior their house using forward of election day — by way of initiatives like on-campus voting or at an Elections Canada workplace. But on election day, you might be required to vote at your polling station in your house using.
Elections Canada spokesperson Matthew McKenna says with the ability to vote anyplace on election day would considerably decelerate the outcomes.
“There would need to be a major undertaking to ensure that all ballots for a single polling division were collected from all over the country, and counted,” he mentioned in an electronic mail. “And that would have to happen for each polling division.”
How lengthy do minority governments final?
Typically, lower than two years. Joe Clark’s Conservative minority authorities in 1979 lasted solely six months; John Diefenbaker’s in 1957 a mere 177 days. By distinction, every of Stephen Harper’s minority governments lasted greater than two years.
We’ve been getting questions on how lengthy we are able to anticipate this Liberal minority authorities to final.
It all is dependent upon how properly it may well work with different events — and the way lengthy these events care to offer help. The Liberals had been 13 seats shy of a majority. That means any invoice they fight to go will want help from not less than 13 non-Liberals. (That quantity might nudge as much as 14 if the Speaker, who would not vote except it is a tie, is a Liberal.)
Minority governments fall when the party loses a vote on a movement or matter of confidence in the House, equivalent to passing a funds.
Can something get executed in a minority authorities?
Sometimes. Perhaps the most notable instance is Liberal Lester B. Pearson’s minority between 1963 and 1968, which labored with the NDP to ascertain the Canada Pension Plan, the present Canadian flag and sure, medicare.
More latest examples embrace Paul Martin’s authorities, which legalized homosexual marriage, and Stephen Harper’s minorities, throughout which he prolonged Canada’s mission in Afghanistan.
Can the Liberals make members from different events cupboard ministers?
Nothing stops the party from doing that, as cupboard ministers may be from any party or do not should be elected in any respect. (Stephen Harper appointed Michael Fortier to each his cupboard and the Senate, regardless of not being an MP.).
However, the optics would not be good. A notable instance is when Liberal David Emerson crossed the flooring to the Conservatives in 2006 to hitch Harper’s Conservatives as a cupboard minister.
What occurs to the leaders now? Will they get replaced?
It seems nobody goes anyplace for the time being, however a number of events have particular guidelines about management critiques.
Under the Conservative structure, Monday’s loss permits for a secret vote on the way forward for Scheer’s management at the subsequent party conference in 2020. If greater than 50 per cent vote to “engage the leadership selection process,” a race for a brand new chief will happen. Like the Conservatives, Liberals maintain related votes once they do not type authorities.
The NDP has a secret vote at each conference. Again, a vote of extra than 50 per cent will set off a race to exchange Jagmeet Singh, one thing he is “not at all” anxious about. It’s exactly how the party dropped Tom Mulcair following the 2015 election.
The Greens may have their very own management evaluate earlier than mid-April 2020, when Elizabeth May should rating not less than 60 per cent approval to remain on.
All this may change if a party chief resigns.