WHILE the large-scale crossing over by MLAs resulted in state governments falling in Karnataka and Goa not too long ago, they had been nonetheless no match for what a Haryana legislator managed in 1967, again when shadows had simply began showing over Indian democracy’s golden halo. Within the course of, Gaya Lal additionally lent the time period ‘Aya Ram, Gaya Ram’ to the nation’s political lexicon.
The month was February, and there was political uncertainty within the air. The Congress had returned to energy on the Centre with its lowest tally until then (283 out of 520), underneath the management of Indira Gandhi. The social gathering had suffered setbacks in Meeting polls in a number of states, together with Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Orissa (now Odisha), Madras (now Tamil Nadu) and Kerala. This had triggered a tussle for energy between the Congress and an Opposition mix, consisting of the Jana Sangh, Swatantra Get together, Samyukta Socialist Get together, Praja Socialist Get together, regional events and defectors from the Congress. The Opposition coalition gave its state regimes an umbrella id — the Samyukta Vidhayak Dal (SVD) governments.
For Haryana, carved out of Punjab on November 1, 1966, it was its first Meeting election. Whereas the Congress gained, it was with a skinny majority of 48 out of 81 seats. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh acquired 12 seats, Swatantra Get together three and Republican Get together two. The Independents fashioned the second-largest block, with 16 seats. Considered one of them was Gaya Lal, successful from Hasanpur (SC) constituency.
Congress Chief Minister Bhagwat Dayal Sharma was sworn in on March 10, 1967. Inside per week, his authorities fell after 12 Congress MLAs defected, forming a bunch that they dubbed the ‘Haryana Congress’. The Impartial legislators additionally solid a brand new social gathering, ‘United Front’. The method of switching sides continued, swelling the United Entrance ranks finally to 48 MLAs.
Consequently, on March 24, Rao Birendra Singh (father of current Union Minister of State Rao Inderjit Singh), who had been elected from Pataudi on a Congress ticket, took over as CM underneath the SVD banner. His place was flimsy at greatest, threatened by each Bhagwat Dayal Sharma and Devi Lal, who was nonetheless within the Congress.
Nevertheless, if there was one man who outlined these days of uncertainty, it was Gaya Lal. Inside 9 hours, the MLA modified sides twice — out and in of the Congress — and inside a fortnight, moved to the United Entrance.
Presenting him at a press convention in Chandigarh after having overthrown Sharma, a beaming Rao Birendra uttered these inimitable phrases “Gaya Ram is now Aya Ram”. Then house minister Y B Chavan later used the phrase in Parliament to indicate political turncoats.
However Rao lasted just a few months, demitting workplace on November 2. The Meeting was dissolved and the state positioned underneath President’s Rule, adopted by elections in 1968.
In the meantime, Gaya Lal marched on. After the United Entrance, his subsequent cease was the Arya Sabha, led by Indervesh, Agnivesh and Adityavesh, in 1972. Two years later, he discovered his method into the Bharatiya Lok Dal, led by Charan Singh. Consequently, he acquired a Janata Get together (fashioned by the merger of 4 events, together with the Bharatiya Lok Dal) ticket in 1977 and gained. Gaya Lal’s final election was in 1982, as an Impartial. He misplaced.
By the point he died in 2009, Gaya Lal had paved the best way for son Udai Bhan. Within the 1987 Meeting elections, Bhan, a Lok Dal-BJP candidate, gained, driving a wave in favour of the mix; he misplaced in 1991, as a Janata Get together nominee; tasted defeat once more in 1996, as an Impartial; gained a second time, in 2000, as an Impartial; joined the Indian Nationwide Lok Dal; defected to the Congress in 2004 however misplaced; and a 12 months later, returned to the Meeting as a Congress candidate.
Nevertheless, lengthy earlier than then, Haryana had moved on — to five-star defections, displaying the best way once more to the remainder of the nation. In 1979, going through competitors from incumbent Janata Get together CM Devi Lal, Bhajan Lal set off with dissident social gathering MLAs on “Bharat Darshan”. For over two weeks, the group, on a luxurious bus and a fleet of automobiles, toured Alwar, Kota, Agra, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Bhopal, Kanpur, Kolkata and Mumbai, staying at heritage lodges and resorts, with Bhajan Lal choosing up the complete tab. It paid off, and on June 29, 1979, he grew to become the CM.
After Indira Gandhi returned to energy on the Centre, Bhajan Lal transformed his Janata Get together authorities wholescale right into a Congress authorities, on January 22, 1980, taking alongside 37 social gathering MLAs.
Not less than Bhagwat Dayal Sharma, the primary sufferer of Haryana’s topsy-turvy politics, retained his good cheer by way of it. Because the CM in the course of the March 1967 section of defections and counter-defections, whereas he was headed someday for the MLAs’ hostel to strive win over some potential turncoats, an aide got here up working to inform him, “Sahib, Pandit Tuhi Ram has also left.” “Pandit Tuhi Ram?” Sharma mentioned, askance. “Phone lagao (connect me to him).” The aide indicated there was no hope; the information was on All-India Radio.
Identified for his wit, Sharma quipped, “Just check, maybe Panditayin too has defected.” Panditayin being his personal spouse Savitri Devi.