Tim Pytel is doing one thing that scares him.

The 43-year-old pulp mill employee from Castlegar, B.C., is seating his two sons, nine-year-old Dawson and six-year-old Jason, on quads for a spin by the picturesque Kootenay woods.

Three years in the past, Pytel’s spouse, Nicole, died at age 32 whereas driving a quad.

In keeping with the coroner, Nicole misplaced management of her automobile, rolled over an eight-metre embankment, and was pinned beneath it.

Ever since that day, Tim Pytel has thought of forbidding his children from driving. However he would not wish to take away what they liked to do with their mom.

Tim Pytel’s spouse, Nicole, died in a quad rollover incident in 2016. (Jacy Schindel/CBC)

“She was about taking them out on the quads, riding with them and experiencing nature and the outdoors,” Pytel stated. “Just because I was scared that something was going to happen, I couldn’t let that fear take away from what they can enjoy.”

Quads are four-wheeled, off-road automobiles with handlebars that seat one or two individuals and are generally known as all-terrain automobiles, or ATVs. However the time period ATV additionally contains different machines, like side-by-sides or three-wheeled bikes.

From 2009 to 2018, a median of just about 13 individuals died in B.C. every year from ATV incidents. About half of these deaths concerned rollovers, as occurred in Nicole Pytel’s case.

Security specialists in Canada and overseas say a few of these deaths might be prevented, arguing design enhancements like roll bars might cut back lethal dangers. However that concept has met stiff resistance from producers and lots of riders.

Tim Pytel, alongside along with his sons Dawson and Jason, trip down a logging highway close to Castlegar, B.C. (Jacy Schindel/CBC)

Australia contemplating modifications

Roll bars — additionally referred to as crush-protection units or operator-protection units — are designed to cease a quad from absolutely rolling onto a driver or passenger ought to the automobile tip over.

In March, the Australian Competitors and Client Fee, a federal shopper rights physique, really helpful modifications to the “unsafe” design facets of quads, together with making roll bars obligatory.

In consequence, quad makers Honda and Yamaha have threatened to tug out of Australia, saying the effectiveness of the units are unproven and will trigger worse accidents in a crash. The producers additional argue driver behaviour is the biggest contributing issue relating to quad security.

David Sullivan, an Australian dwelling in Kelowna, B.C., sells quad roll bars manufactured in his residence nation and insists they save lives.

David Sullivan reveals off his quad roll bar. The metallic tube, connected to the again finish of the automobile, is designed to interrupt an ATV’s rolling movement if it had been to start out tumbling end-over-end or side-to-side. (Brady Strachan/CBC)

His mannequin consists of a flexing pole connected to the again of the automobile, making the quad look a bit like a bumper automobile. If a rider had been to tip over, he stated, the pole can save them from loss of life by crushing or suffocation, by creating an area between the quad and the bottom. 

Watch a check of the roll bar offered by David Sullivan, manufactured by Australia-based Quadbar:

Quadbar Australia checks its roll bar, designed for quad bikes. 0:26

He believes the units ought to be obligatory in Canada.

“This is absolutely a no-brainer,” Sullivan stated. “It will prevent families from experiencing grief.”

Transport Canada confirmed the units usually are not obligatory however stated there’s nothing stopping quad producers from together with them on their automobiles.


Don Voaklander, the director of the College of Alberta’s Damage Prevention Centre, says quads have an “inherent instability” on account of a excessive centre of gravity and comparatively slender wheelbase. 

They’re additionally heavy — normally 200 to 400 kilograms — and a rollover can result in damaged necks or a rider trapped beneath, unable to carry the machine off themselves.

David Sullivan takes an illustration trip along with his roll bar. (Brady Strachan/CBC)

“All of a sudden, you’re in a situation that you can’t correct,” Voaklander stated. “That’s when you want a crush-protective structure to prevent that machine from rolling on you.”

About 14 individuals die yearly in Alberta from ATV incidents, Voaklander stated. Males aged 20 to 35 are the highest-risk group, he stated, and alcohol is concerned in about half of all fatalities. 

Past the loss of life numbers, dozens of persons are hospitalized yearly.

‘A matter of time’

Ralph Matthews, president of the Quad Riders ATV Affiliation of B.C., believes no gadget will enhance security higher than rider training.

Roll bars, he conceded, could make automobiles safer however he would not imagine they should not be obligatory.

“If a person rides within the limits of the machine, you shouldn’t have a problem,” Matthews stated. “It should be a personal choice.”

Sullivan stated he is heard that opinion earlier than; it is why he bought into promoting roll bars.

Eight years in the past, his spouse’s cousin, a logger in Merritt, B.C., rolled his quad and broke his again. He can stroll now however suffered life-altering accidents. Sullivan described him as an skilled rider and that incident spurred him to look into roll bars within the first place.

“It’s only a matter of time before you roll these things,” Sullivan stated.

The view from Tim Pytel’s ATV. (Jacy Schindel/CBC)

As for Pytel, on the logging highway along with his children, he stays skeptical about roll bars. He would not suppose one would have saved Nicole’s life, however he admits it’s doable.

“When you make a mistake, the consequences are instantaneous,” he stated. “When something goes bad, it goes bad now and quickly.”

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