LONDON – British Prime Minister Theresa May has introduced she’s going to step down as chief of the Conservative Get together on June 7, beginning a course of that can result in a Conservative Get together management contest and a brand new British prime minister who will lead the federal government in the course of the Brexit course of. Listed here are solutions to some questions on what this implies.
HOW CAN THERE BE A NEW PRIME MINISTER WITHOUT A NEW ELECTION?
Beneath Britain’s parliamentary system, a celebration in energy can change its chief in quite a lot of methods, and might select its new chief by following its personal celebration guidelines. Whoever is chosen as the brand new celebration chief will turn into the brand new prime minister, with the fitting to carry that place till the subsequent common election, which is ready for 2022. That date might conceivably be moved ahead — for a so-called snap or early election — if the federal government loses a no-confidence vote in Parliament.
It isn’t uncommon in Britain for a major minister to take energy with out an election being held. May adopted Prime Minister David Cameron to energy with out an election in 2016, after Cameron resigned following his failure to persuade voters to stay within the European Union within the Brexit referendum. Gordon Brown adopted Tony Blair as prime minister the identical manner in 2007.
HOW WILL THE NEW PARTY LEADER BE CHOSEN?
It is a two-part course of open to any of the 313 Conservative Get together legislators in Parliament. Candidates who need to run declare their curiosity, and the lawmakers maintain a collection of elimination votes till there are solely two candidates remaining. The choice between these two is then made by a vote open to the roughly 120,000 Conservative celebration members nationwide.
The competition is formally supposed to start round June 10, with May remaining as a caretaker prime minister whereas a brand new one is chosen, however the jockeying for place began weeks in the past as May’s affect ebbed.
Get together officers hope to have the competition resolved by late July. The method moved shortly in 2016 as a result of all of the management candidates however May dropped out, making it pointless to maneuver on to a full celebration membership vote.
WHAT DOES MAY’S RESIGNATION MEAN TO BREXIT?
It is too early to say with certainty however most of the principal contenders hoping to turn into Britain’s subsequent prime minister favor a tough Brexit fairly than sustaining financial ties with Europe.
May’s departure doesn’t change the state of affairs within the British Parliament, which stays deeply divided over what ought to occur subsequent within the course of to satisfy voters’ needs to depart the EU. Parliament doesn’t assist a “no deal” Brexit however its means to cease it could be restricted if the brand new chief chooses that course. As issues stand, Britain is scheduled to depart the EU on Oct. 31 except it seeks an extension — and the EU unanimously agrees.
There isn’t any consensus in Parliament but about the easiest way ahead. Some lawmakers favor a second referendum on whether or not to remain within the EU, others argue that solely a tough Brexit will honor the outcomes of the 2016 referendum, and no compromise stance has emerged.
COULD THE NEW GOVERNMENT BE BROUGHT DOWN?
Opposition Labour Get together chief Jeremy Corbyn tried in January to set off a common election by calling for a no-confidence vote , however he did not get a majority in Parliament as Conservatives stayed loyal to May. He’s free to name for an additional no confidence vote at any time, and will select to take action once more if he believes that some sad Conservative lawmakers are prepared to again the measure.
For that to work, a small group of Conservative members of Parliament must be so sad with the brand new prime minister’s Brexit coverage that they’re prepared to name for a brand new election that might see their very own celebration ousted from energy.
The state of affairs is made extra difficult by deep divisions throughout the Labour Get together over whether or not to go together with Brexit or attempt to reverse it with a second referendum. Many celebration members wish to preserve Britain contained in the EU, however Corbyn is prepared to see Britain depart the bloc if some financial ties to it and employee and environmental protections assured by the EU could be stored in place.
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