Dori Brewer is a associate at Perkins Coie LLP and leads the agency’s Meals & Beverage business group. She has greater than 30 years of expertise advising corporations on business contracts, M&A transactions and company governance issues.

Emily Klick is a counsel in Perkins Coie’s Seattle workplace, and works intently with Ms. Brewer on authorized points which can be widespread within the meals and beverage business.

Creating wealth within the meals enterprise often goes hand in hand with scaling manufacturing.  Partnering with the appropriate co-packer may be an efficient approach so as to add manufacturing capability, however doing it proper may be tough. Listed here are three ideas for meals producers that can set the stage for a profitable co-packing relationship.  

1.    Be diligent in selecting a co-packing associate  

It is best to examine the expertise and reliability of your potential co-packing companions. For a lot of meals corporations, a co-packer shall be your most essential enterprise associate. Save your self time and headache by performing some actual due diligence up entrance. Advertising supplies and on-line analysis are good locations to begin, however endeavor to confirm the knowledge and draw upon the experiences of others who might have labored with a specific co-packer. You may get substantive data straight by visiting the co-packer’s services, assembly with representatives and checking references. 

2.     Negotiate an settlement that preserves room for your enterprise to develop  

Dori Brewer

Dori Brewer



When you’ve chosen a co-packing associate, take the time to learn and negotiate phrases that protect room for your enterprise to develop.

At a minimal, it’s essential to perceive the phrases of your contract. There’s not a normal type of co-packing settlement. Even for early stage corporations with comparatively much less negotiating leverage, there are just a few key matters that must be addressed and some phrases that must be averted.

    A. Security and high quality

Emily Klick

Emily Klick


Meals security and high quality management must be every social gathering’s first and highest precedence. A good co-packing settlement will clearly handle how merchandise are sampled or examined, and the way nonconforming product points and remembers are dealt with. A meals firm must also have the appropriate to audit and examine the co-packer’s services and data. These rights may be restricted in frequency or scope, however as you do enterprise collectively, you will need to actively handle the co-packer relationship. Having an categorical proper to examine a co-packer’s services and data is one software for figuring out and addressing any high quality management bumps within the street.  

    B. Defend the model and product method

A shut second precedence is ensuring the settlement has enough protections for the meals firm’s model, mental property, and product formulation. A co-packer sits within the distinctive place of realizing how you can make some portion — or doubtlessly all — of your product. A good co-packing settlement will appropriately restrict your co-packer’s capability to make use of your mental property and confidential data for its personal profit or for the advantage of third events.

At a minimal, any co-packing settlement ought to clearly state who owns the model components and recipes, and any permitted (or prohibited) makes use of by the opposite social gathering. For instance, if the meals firm owns the product recipe, a sturdy settlement will prohibit the co-packer from utilizing the recipe for anybody else’s product. For a rising meals firm, it might even be essential to handle how new merchandise shall be developed. On the whole, the default rule is whoever develops the mental property has the possession rights. When you plan on promoting your meals firm, it’s particularly essential to keep away from ambiguity round who owns the mandatory mental property. You possibly can handle this danger by having the settlement expressly say the meals firm owns all mental property related to merchandise, even for merchandise which can be collectively created. 

Your co-packer must also be sure by a non-disclosure settlement or detailed confidentiality provision within the co-pack settlement. Even so, be aware of what’s disclosed from a sensible matter and restrict disclosure of commerce secrets and techniques as a lot as doable.

Along with addressing possession and confidentiality, the settlement must also handle how disputes must be dealt with. Many meals corporations will wish to keep away from the publicity and value inherent in litigation, and choose as a substitute to make use of mediation and arbitration. A well-drafted various dispute decision provision can have the twin good thing about not solely avoiding brand-damaging adverse publicity from a public lawsuit, however it could possibly additionally stage the taking part in area between a co-packer with a big authorized finances and a smaller meals firm.  

    C. Give attention to time period and termination rights

As with every enterprise contract, your co-pack settlement ought to have a particular time period, clear termination rights and impose as few limitations on future operations as doable. A part of scaling your enterprise might require altering or including co-packers. Executing that call may be difficult in case your co-pack settlement requires substantial advance discover of termination, imposes termination penalties, or has exclusivity or restrictions that survive termination.   

Equally, scaling your enterprise might lead to an acquisition of your organization. Gross sales of meals corporations have reached near-record ranges lately, with many acquisitions of small, area of interest, and artisanal manufacturers, in response to the Meals Institute’s annual Mergers & Acquisitions report. In a sale transaction, it’s possible you’ll must assign or terminate your co-pack settlement. If the customer is a branded meals firm, it might have its personal manufacturing services, or it might have already got a co-packing relationship in place. A transaction shall be simpler in case your co-pack settlement clearly permits task or termination within the occasion of a change of management or sale of property to a 3rd social gathering. 

3.     Be cautious of utilizing a single co-packer

Utilizing a single co-packer for your entire manufacturing may be value environment friendly, however it undoubtedly comes with operational danger. Efficiency points may be troublesome to handle for those who don’t have another option to produce your product. When you do use a single co-packer, take into account selecting one which has a number of manufacturing areas in order that manufacturing may be shifted within the occasion of points with a specific facility.    

A meals firm’s relationship with its co-packer is among the many most essential elements of growing a profitable enterprise. Care must be taken in selecting the co-packer and ensuring the phrases of the co-pack settlement defend a rising enterprise.

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